BirdLife South Africa’s List of South African Birds
South Africa’s premier bird conservation organization, BirdLife South Africa, is responsible for keeping the country’s bird list updated annually. A hard copy of South Africa’s “official” bird list is published between January and March every year, and a free copy is included in African Birdlife magazine. This and an excel version (which can be sorted by field guide page number, which roughly also gives taxonomic order, alphabetical order, etc.) can also be downloaded (for free) at http://www.birdlife.org.za/publications/checklists
The cover of our checklist from 2010 (our first year) and the one just published now in 2015
This is not just a simple list of South Africa’s birds. It also has a wealth of additional information, such as annually updated red data status (globally and locally), precise endemism status (in the past the term “South African endemic” was quite loosely bandied about, even to include “near-endemics” and “Lesotho/Swaziland/South Africa endemics” (see http://birdingecotours.com/the-endemic-birds-of-south-africa/ for more details about South African avian endemics and discussion about precise definitions).
The South African bird list committee is responsible for updating the country’s bird list every year. It’s a large committee that includes ornithologists and top regional birders. The committee works very closely with the BirdLife South Africa Rarities Committee – any new bird claimed for South Africa first has to be formally accepted by the Rarities Committee before it can be included on South Africa’s official country list.
Currently, South Africa “officially” boasts 846 species, according to the 2015 list update. And if the Prince Edward Island species are also included, the country list then reaches 854 bird species. The Prince Edward Island group consists of Marion Island and Prince Edward Island, sub-Antarctic islands belonging to South Africa. A sobering 17 % of South Africa’s birds are Threatened with extinction (see the full list below) – or actually 18 % if the Prince Edward Islands are included. On a more positive note, 8 % of the country’s birds are endemic or nearly so as per the endemic birds link shown above.
It takes literally days of work by the South African bird list committee each year to update the list, so that a new version can be posted annually. Not only are any new country records added (such as Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo, which was added to the 2014 list for the first time), but taxonomic changes (splits and lumps) usually have to be made annually. Also common name changes proposed by world bird lists such as the one at worldbirdnames.org have to be considered by our own committee. The South African bird list committee does not simply follow every common name change proposed, as a large proportion of the South African birding community does not want to see local names such as “korhaan” and “tit-babbler” lost, and neither do they want to see perpetual changes to our birds’ names. So there is a process that is followed when a common name change is proposed by international bodies – first, the proposal is discussed publicly to try and get input from as many local birders as possible, and second, the BirdLife South Africa list committee then votes on whether to keep the old name or change to the new name. Sometimes new names are necessary because of splits or for other reasons. But we err on the side of keeping our bird names stable.
Major field guides, such as southern Africa’s best-selling field guide (which we recommend, at http://birdingecotours.com/african-field-guides-what-to-take-into-the-field/ ), follow the BirdLife South Africa list (i.e. they use the common names endorsed by the official BirdLife South Africa country list). Since these field guides cover 6.5 countries south of the Kunene and Zambezi Rivers, and not just South Africa itself, care does, however, have to be taken – for non-South African endemics input is of course obtained from the other 6 countries (on common names, etc.).
The beauty of the BirdLife South Africa country bird list is that is allows us to quickly generate other authoritative and accurate lists as well, such as a list of South African endemics (various categories, such as true endemic, near-endemic, breeding endemic, etc.) and Threatened Birds of South Africa (with global and regional Red Data status clearly shown). These “subset” lists can be seen and downloaded at http://birdingecotours.com/the-endemic-birds-of-south-africa and also at http://www.birdlife.org.za/publications/checklists. They can be very useful resources for conservation as well, as deciding on what birding tour to potentially join (especially if your focus is on regionally endemic and globally endangered birds).
The 2015 Threatened Birds of South Africa is shown here, as an example: 2015 Checklist of Birds-list of threatened species
An Afrikaans version of the list is also published, and if we manage to secure resources and expertise. We’d love to publish lists in the other nine official languages too!