Birding Tour Brazil: Comprehensive Southeast Brazil, Part II 2018
Duration: 14 days
When they first landed on its shores in the 1500s, the Portuguese discovered a vast stretch of verdant rainforest cloaking much of the Atlantic coast of what would one day be Brazil. Through centuries of deforestation, only 7% of this forest’s original area remains in remnants scattered within the most densely populated region of Brazil. Despite the long history of human population growth and disturbance, these highly threatened pockets of Atlantic Rainforest harbor an incredibly diverse and often highly endangered collection of bird species. Due to being long isolated from neighboring Neotropical wet forest ecosystems by a dry grassland and thorn-scrub corridor in the interior of Brazil, these forests possess a diverse and fascinating range of species, many of which are found nowhere else. In a country with more than 200 endemic bird species (the third-highest total for a single country in the world), the vast majority are found in the Atlantic Rainforest.
We split the southeast Brazil itinerary into two separate tours that are perfectly complementary, forming a 26-day mega tour with up to 70 Brazilian endemics and an additional 90 Atlantic Rainforest endemics possible when the tours are taken together.
Part II of the Comprehensive Southeast Brazil itinerary begins in Vitória in the state of Espírito Santo. From here we drive southwest to the town of Cachoeira de Itapemirim to target two difficult endemics: Plumbeous Antvireo and Wied’s Tyrant-Manakin. We then head north to the Vale do Rio Doce Natural Reserve near Linhares for a few days to see lowland endemics such as Red-billed Curassow, Red-browed Amazon, and Black-headed Berryeater. On the last two mornings we also try for the difficult, highly endangered, and very beautiful Cherry-throated Tanager at a reserve near Venda Nova do Imigrante. We then fly to São Paulo for the last leg of our journey.
We save the best for last! Intervales State Park is part of one of the largest remaining pieces of contiguous Atlantic Rainforest left in Brazil. Within this emerald paradise of deeply cut valleys, mossy forests, and trickling streams, we hope to have some of our best birding while we search for such delights as Russet-winged Spadebill, Black-fronted Piping Guan and Helmeted Woodpecker among a dizzying array of tyrant flycatchers, antbirds, furnariids, and tanagers. This species-rich site can potentially produce our highest day list totals of the tour. Finally, we go to the coastal town of Cananéia for a few more endemic species like Restinga Tyrannulet and Red-tailed Amazon, and for Azure Jay, before driving to São Paulo, where the tour ends.
For those wishing to see more of the wonderful country of Brazil, this tour can be combined with our Heart of Brazil: Cerrado, Amazon, and Pantanal 2018 tour, our Brazil: Cerrado Endemics and Brazilian Merganser 2018 tour, and our Comprehensive Southeast Brazil: Intervales to Linhares Part I 2018 tour for an overall 51-day Brazilian mega tour.See full tour detail